Aldara Cream for Actinin Keratosis treatment
16 Apr, 2012
Actinic keratosis is a pre-cancerous skin disorder caused due to extreme exposure to the sun for long periods of time. There have been many efforts to treat Actinic keratosis and Aldara has proved to be an effective medication for the treatment of this condition. Read on.
Actinic keratosis, also known as sun spots or solar keratosis is a crusty or scaly spot that develops on the skin. It can by as tiny as a pinhead or measure more than an inch in diameter. The scaly or crusty surface is dry and rough, and can be similar to the skin color, or a pink, reddish, or tan color. Actinic keratoses can be flat or raised and usually develop on the parts of the body like the face, ears, neck, and hands which are exposed to the sun. On exposure to the sun, they often feel prickly or itchy.
The occurrence of actinic keratoses indicates the development of skin cancer, and therefore it is called a pre-cancerous condition of the skin. However, the process of turning cancerous takes some years. In fact, very few cases of actinic keratoses actually turn malignant and when they do become cancerous, the condition is called squamous cell carcinoma. Generally, this form of cancer is not life-threatening, particularly when it is detected early and treated. If not treated on time, it can lead to ulceration, bleeding, infection, and large ulcers that invade the nearby tissues, with a chance of spreading to other parts of the body.
Skin damage caused due to too much sun exposure takes a long time to accumulate. Sun exposure for short periods does not generally cause actinic keratosis or develop into cancer of the skin. People with fair skin are more prone to developing actinic keratosis, as they have less pigmentation of the skin which acts as a protective barrier against the sun. People with dark skin can also be affected due to extreme sun exposure.
Actinic Keratosis and Aldara:
Aldara is a topical prescription medication which belongs to a group of medicines called immune response modifiers. Immune response modifiers help the body in identifying the actinic keratosis, as well as activate and help the immune system in destroying the foreign lesions. Aldara is used on the scalp and face for adult patients with normal immune systems and treats certain types of Actinic Keratosis. Aldara helps the body in fighting actinic keratosis, superficial basal cell carcinoma, and external genital warts. It is also used to treat skin cancer, through the same mechanism. The advantage of this topical medication is that it can be used for treating large or multiple lesions that are unsuited for surgical removal.
Aldara stimulates the natural immune response through the production of interferon as well as developing acquired immunity by way of activating the T helper 1 cells. The drug is very effective in the activation of anti-tumor factors which can be recalled by the immune memory. This medication is particularly effective for treating extensive areas of skin affected by actinic keratosis, which is not easily treated with cryotherapy. Aldara is also an alternative for photodynamic therapy or 5Fu cream, and has proved very useful for treating actinic chelitis. However, it is always advisable to consult a doctor or dermatologist before using this medication or any other treatment for actinic keratosis. This will help one to understand the benefits and possible side effects of the medication.
Other procedures for treating actinic keratosis include cryosurgery, chemical peels, curettage, and photodynamic therapy. However, prevention can be the best method for treating actinic keratosis. It is best to limit too much exposure to the sun. In case you already have actinic keratosis, these measures can only be a means of preventing further damage, as radiation from the sun has already damaged the skin.