Appetite Stimulants for Adults – Weight Gain Options
13 Jun, 2011
The requirement of appetite stimulants for adults becomes necessary when the appetite decreases or is being suppressed. There could be numerous factors for such decrease in appetite. Hypothyroidism, cancer, pregnancy, anorexia nervosa, depression, infections and HIV among others could be the probable causes of decrease in appetite. Before selecting the appetite stimulant, it is necessary to know the cause for the reduced appetite.
Natural Appetite Stimulants
Causes for Loss of Appetite:
With aging there is partial loss in the senses of smell and taste. Hence, the elderly cannot enjoy their meals properly. This affects the appetite. Also, many elderly people experience fullness after eating small amounts of food. This also is an age related development.
Gastrointestinal disorders such as gastric atonia and Crohn’s disease may result in loss of appetite.
Diseases such as cancer and AIDS which affect the entire body may lead to the development of cachexia. This condition witnesses alarming decline in body weight and loss of appetite.
Certain medications like digoxin, fluoxetine, hydralazine, quinidine, etc. may also lead to decreased appetite.
Stressful situations like examinations, interviews, public speaking, competitions and performances among others, may decrease the desire to eat.
Mood disorders such as depression are characterized by loss of appetite.
Cultural factors also contribute to decreased appetite. Instances being the use of cats and dogs for food in China and Korea may be found revolting to those who normally keep these animals as pets.
Unhygienic conditions like the presence of hair, insects and absence of cleanliness may make some lose their appetite.
Some people are guided by their religion on their eating options. Some foods are specifically disallowed in certain religions.
Those leading a socially isolated life normally have less appetite as compare to those who are socially active.
Foods that have made a person sick in the past are normally avoided by that person, that is the person loses appetite for that food.
Given the complex nature of the causes of loss of appetite, a detailed study should be made before prescribing appetite stimulants.
Appetite Stimulants for Adults:
There are many appetite stimulants which may help increase the appetite. Appetite boosters include peppermint leaves, ginger, papaya leaves, saw palmetto berries, gotu kola, ginseng, catnip, fennel seeds, zinc, brewers yeast, coenzyme A and vitamin B complex and vitamin E among others.
Different Types of Appetite Stimulants:
Natural appetite stimulants
Vitamin or supplements derived exclusively from food sources and containig minimum or no synthetic elements are termed as natural stimulants. Corn, liver, soya, yeast, alfalfa and rose hips are some of the usual sources from which natural appetite stimulants are extracted.
Synthetic appetite stimulants
Those vitamins or supplements which are prepared in the laboratory are termed as synthetic. Though these substances perform the same functions as their natural counterparts some people are not comfortable with them and may develop allergies or gastro problems.
Weight gain Options
Weight gain occurs when the calorie input is more than the calorie output. When the calories that are burnt on a daily basis are less than the calories being consumed, then the excess calories are stored as fat in the body.
What are the causes of weight gain?
Hyperthyroidism: In this medical condition the thyroid glands do not produce enough thyroid hormones resulting in the slowing down of the metabolism. If the calorie intake is not reduced then there may be weight gain.
Diabetes: Weight gain is witnessed in people who require insulin therapy to control diabetes.
Medications: Antidepressants, steroids and birth control pills are some of the medications which may cause increase in weight.